Niebla antiqua: New Carnivorous Dinosaur Unearthed in Patagonia
A new genus and species of medium-sized abelisaurid dinosaur has been unearthed in northern Patagonia, Argentina.
Scientifically named Niebla antiqua, the new dinosaur species lived approximately 69 million years ago, during the Late Cretaceous period.
The ancient predator belongs to Abelisauridae, a family of ceratosaurian theropod dinosaurs known exclusively from the ancient supercontinent Gondwana.
Abelisaurids first appeared during the middle Jurassic period and survived until the end of the Mesozoic Era.
“Niebla antiqua is relatively small, much smaller than other abelisaurids such as Carnotaurus and Abelisaurus,” said Mauro Aranciaga Rolando from the Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET) and colleagues.
The fossilized remains of Niebla antiqua were found at the Arriagada Farm near the Matadero Hill, about 70 km south from General Roca city in Río Negro province.
“The type specimen of Niebla antiqua comes from the top of the Allen Formation, Late Cretaceous of the Neuquén Group,” the paleontologists said.
“It is represented by two incomplete dorsal centra, weathered dorsal ribs, a scapulocoracoid and fragmentary skull bones including a nearly complete braincase and the tip of the right dentary.”
The analysis of the fossils revealed that Niebla antiqua had a highly derived braincase and pectoral (shoulder) girdle.
“The holotype specimen of Niebla antiqua represents a somatically mature individual,” the researchers said.
“The count of the lines of arrested growth suggests a minimum age of 9 years increases the histological evidence for these theropods.”
“The presence of a small to middle-medium sized abelisaurid in the Upper Cretaceous shows that there is a higher diversity of derived abelisaurids in Patagonia that previously thought,” they concluded.
The discovery is reported in a paper in the Journal of South American Earth Sciences.
Mauro Aranciaga Rolando et al. A new medium-sized abelisaurid (Theropoda, Dinosauria) from the late cretaceous (Maastrichtian) Allen Formation of Northern Patagonia, Argentina. Journal of South American Earth Sciences, published online October 14, 2020; doi: 10.1016/j.jsames.2020.102915